Transhumanismus

Something’s Fishy — New Funding To Tackle Illegal Activities At Sea Using Machine Learning And …

Home AI - 2 hodiny 36 min zpět

Our objective is to develop an automated anomaly detection model based on recurrent neural networks—a machine learning technique commonly …


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Kategorie: Transhumanismus

What is Data Science Life cycle?

Home AI - 2 hodiny 47 min zpět

may be very troublesome to reply, particularly for a newbie. Subsequently, on this weblog, we'll cowl a Knowledge Science course of, which you should …


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Kategorie: Transhumanismus

AI conquers challenge of 1980s platform games

Home AI - 2 hodiny 48 min zpět

Previously, these scrolling platform games have been challenging to solve using artificial intelligence (AI). The algorithms could help robots better …


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Kategorie: Transhumanismus

Spy agency: Artificial intelligence is already a vital part of our missions

Home AI - 3 hodiny 9 min zpět

The UK's top intelligence and security body, GCHQ, is betting big on artificial intelligence: the organization has revealed how it wants to use AI to boost …


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Kategorie: Transhumanismus

Featurespace Touts Breakthrough In Machine Learning For Anti-Fraud Systems

Home AI - 3 hodiny 1 min zpět

The company said that it involves “a breakthrough in deep learning technology” that is capable of pinpointing potential fraud before the victim's money is …


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Capital One Exec Joins Fraud Elimination Leader Vesta as Head of AI and R&D

Home AI - 3 hodiny 43 min zpět

His duties will include overseeing the company's machine learning and data-science teams focused in Approval and Fraud Operations, as well as …


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Kategorie: Transhumanismus

Agile Development Applied to Machine Learning Projects

Home AI - 3 hodiny 54 min zpět

What is Machine Learning? Machine Learning uses an algorithm and data to create a model. The algorithm is code written in Python, R, or your …


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Kategorie: Transhumanismus

TrainerRoad launches machine–learning-based training plans

Home AI - 3 hodiny 54 min zpět

… Training claims to take scientific training principles and apply a machinelearning algorithm to provide individualised coaching to each of its users.


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Kategorie: Transhumanismus

Artificial intelligence has a problem with grammar

Home AI - 4 hodiny 6 min zpět

These strengths and failings hint at the essence of language and the peculiarity of human intelligence, as opposed to the artificial sort as it stands …


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Kategorie: Transhumanismus

The Weekly show, Feb 25, 2021: When healthcare designers become patients, and machine …

Home AI - 4 hodiny 17 min zpět

How AEC firms can use machine learning to optimize design, cost, and sustainability, and prioritize efficiency protocols. Thanks to our episode sponsor: …


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Kategorie: Transhumanismus

Will Robots Make Good Friends? Scientists Are Already Starting to Find Out

Singularity HUB - 4 hodiny 50 min zpět

In the 2012 film Robot and Frank, the protagonist, a retired cat burglar named Frank, is suffering the early symptoms of dementia. Concerned and guilty, his son buys him a “home robot” that can talk, do household chores like cooking and cleaning, and remind Frank to take his medicine. It’s a robot the likes of which we’re getting closer to building in the real world.

The film follows Frank, who is initially appalled by the idea of living with a robot, as he gradually begins to see the robot as both functionally useful and socially companionable. The film ends with a clear bond between man and machine, such that Frank is protective of the robot when the pair of them run into trouble.

This is, of course, a fictional story, but it challenges us to explore different kinds of human-to-robot bonds. My recent research on human-robot relationships examines this topic in detail, looking beyond sex robots and robot love affairs to examine that most profound and meaningful of relationships: friendship.

My colleague and I identified some potential risks, like the abandonment of human friends for robotic ones, but we also found several scenarios where robotic companionship can constructively augment people’s lives, leading to friendships that are directly comparable to human-to-human relationships.

Philosophy of Friendship

The robotics philosopher John Danaher sets a very high bar for what friendship means. His starting point is the “true” friendship first described by the Greek philosopher Aristotle, which saw an ideal friendship as premised on mutual good will, admiration, and shared values. In these terms, friendship is about a partnership of equals.

Building a robot that can satisfy Aristotle’s criteria is a substantial technical challenge and is some considerable way off, as Danaher himself admits. Robots that may seem to be getting close, such as Hanson Robotics’ Sophia, base their behavior on a library of pre-prepared responses: a humanoid chatbot, rather than a conversational equal. Anyone who’s had a testing back-and-forth with Alexa or Siri will know AI still has some way to go in this regard.

Aristotle also talked about other forms of “imperfect” friendship, such as “utilitarian” and “pleasure” friendships, which are considered inferior to true friendship because they don’t require symmetrical bonding and are often to one party’s unequal benefit. This form of friendship sets a relatively very low bar which some robots, like “sexbots” and robotic pets, clearly already meet.

Artificial Amigos

For some, relating to robots is just a natural extension of relating to other things in our world, like people, pets, and possessions. Psychologists have even observed how people respond naturally and socially towards media artefacts like computers and televisions. Humanoid robots, you’d have thought, are more personable than your home PC.

However, the field of “robot ethics” is far from unanimous on whether we can—or should— develop any form of friendship with robots. For an influential group of UK researchers who charted a set of “ethical principles of robotics,” human-robot “companionship” is an oxymoron, and to market robots as having social capabilities is dishonest and should be treated with caution, if not alarm. For these researchers, wasting emotional energy on entities that can only simulate emotions will always be less rewarding than forming human-to-human bonds.

But people are already developing bonds with basic robots, like vacuum-cleaning and lawn-trimming machines that can be bought for less than the price of a dishwasher. A surprisingly large number of people give these robots pet names—something they don’t do with their dishwashers. Some even take their cleaning robots on holiday.

Other evidence of emotional bonds with robots include the Shinto blessing ceremony for Sony Aibo robot dogs that were dismantled for spare parts, and the squad of US troops who fired a 21-gun salute, and awarded medals, to a bomb-disposal robot named “Boomer” after it was destroyed in action.

These stories, and the psychological evidence we have so far, make clear that we can extend emotional connections to things that are very different to us, even when we know they are manufactured and pre-programmed. But do those connections constitute a friendship comparable to that shared between humans?

True Friendship?

A colleague and I recently reviewed the extensive literature on human-to-human relationships to try to understand how, and if, the concepts we found could apply to bonds we might form with robots. We found evidence that many coveted human-to-human friendships do not in fact live up to Aristotle’s ideal.

We noted a wide range of human-to-human relationships, from relatives and lovers to parents, carers, service providers, and the intense (but unfortunately one-way) relationships we maintain with our celebrity heroes. Few of these relationships could be described as completely equal and, crucially, they are all destined to evolve over time.

All this means that expecting robots to form Aristotelian bonds with us is to set a standard even human relationships fail to live up to. We also observed forms of social connectedness that are rewarding and satisfying and yet are far from the ideal friendship outlined by the Greek philosopher.

We know that social interaction is rewarding in its own right, and something that, as social mammals, humans have a strong need for. It seems probable that relationships with robots could help to address the deep-seated urge we all feel for social connection—like providing physical comfort, emotional support, and enjoyable social exchanges—currently provided by other humans.

Our paper also discussed some potential risks. These arise particularly in settings where interaction with a robot could come to replace interaction with people, or where people are denied a choice as to whether they interact with a person or a robot—in a care setting, for instance.

These are important concerns, but they’re possibilities and not inevitabilities. In the literature we reviewed we actually found evidence of the opposite effect: robots acting to scaffold social interactions with others, acting as ice-breakers in groups, and helping people to improve their social skills or to boost their self-esteem.

It appears likely that, as time progresses, many of us will simply follow Frank’s path towards acceptance: scoffing at first, before settling into the idea that robots can make surprisingly good companions. Our research suggests that’s already happening—though perhaps not in a way of which Aristotle would have approved.

This article is republished from The Conversation under a Creative Commons license. Read the original article.

Image Credit: Andy Kelly on Unsplash

Kategorie: Transhumanismus

MyHeritage unveils AI tool that turns photos of dead relatives into videos

Home AI - 4 hodiny 1 min zpět

The feature, created with the Israeli computer vision firm D-ID, is the latest milestone for artificial intelligence-generated media, which has spread from …


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Kategorie: Transhumanismus

MulticoreWare Inc. Becomes CEVA’s Trusted Partner for Imaging & Computer Vision

Home AI - 4 hodiny 1 min zpět

“MulticoreWare's broad expertise in Deep Learning and Embedded vision, together with their many years of algorithm development, porting and …


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Changes Go Far Beyond Just AI, Machine Learning

Home AI - 5 hodin 2 min zpět

AI and machine learning in particular have grown over the past decade to become key tools for processing and making sense of large and complex …


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Kategorie: Transhumanismus

MyHeritage Releases Groundbreaking Feature to Animate the Faces in Still Photos

Home AI - 5 hodin 2 min zpět

… by MyHeritage from D-ID, a company that specializes in video reenactment using deep learning. Deep Nostalgia uses several pre-recorded driver …


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Kategorie: Transhumanismus

Winners and Losers in the Digital Transformation of Work

Home AI - 5 hodin 13 min zpět

Machine learning is essentially very sophisticated pattern recognition. Using large pools of data and massive computing power, machines learn to do …


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Kategorie: Transhumanismus

Digital banking – Lloyds Banking Group saddles up public cloud, machine learning and advanced …

Home AI - 5 hodin 24 min zpět

Digital banking – Lloyds Banking Group saddles up public cloud, machine learning and advanced analytics for its next transformation phase.


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Kategorie: Transhumanismus

Machine Learning Detects Biomarkers of Autism Spectrum Disorder

Home AI - 5 hodin 24 min zpět

Machine learning tools were able to identify biomarkers in blood that could enable earlier diagnosis of children with autism spectrum disorder. Machine …


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Kategorie: Transhumanismus

Honeycomb.ai Helps Those with Allergies Eat at Restaurants Through AI

Home AI - 5 hodin 47 min zpět

Vancouver, Canada-based Honeycomb.ai opened up its artificial intelligence (AI)-based web app this week to help diners with food allergies and …


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Kategorie: Transhumanismus

Deep Learning Techniques: How to Focus on One Subject

Home AI - 5 hodin 47 min zpět

Deep Learning Techniques: How to Focus on One Subject · Ask For Help It might often be difficult to focus on a single subject when you have to …


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