Transhumanismus

GitHub Coders to Microsoft: Cut Ties With ICE or We’ll ‘Take Our Projects Elsewhere’

Home AI - 21 Červen, 2018 - 23:45

… post in which Microsoft boasted that Azure would enable ICE to “utilize deep learning capabilities to accelerate facial recognition and identification.”.


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Kategorie: Transhumanismus

Topaz Labs Releases the First Deep Learning Photo Noise Removal Tool for Windows and Mac

Home AI - 21 Červen, 2018 - 23:45

It is the first software that uses artificial intelligence (deep-learning) based noise reduction technology for photos and runs directly on Windows and …


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Kategorie: Transhumanismus

Alliteration Algorithm Generates Genius Fortnite Frivolity

Home AI - 21 Červen, 2018 - 23:22

From recipes to paint color names to Hearthstone cards, everything is better when you make a bot do it. Check out how this machinelearning …


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Kategorie: Transhumanismus

How AI will revolutionize climate science: Experts say machine learning could improve predictions

Home AI - 21 Červen, 2018 - 23:11

We will automatically post your comment and a link to the news story to your Facebook timeline at the same time it is posted on MailOnline. To do this …


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Kategorie: Transhumanismus

Electronic Skin Lets Amputees Feel Pain Through Their Prosthetics

Futurism - Enhanced Humans - 21 Červen, 2018 - 22:57

Up until the 20th century, wearing a prosthetic limb wasn’t all that great. They were often unwieldy wooden contraptions with both form and function that fell far short of their natural counterparts. Today, though, we have prosthetics that we can control with our minds, that predict movement, and that fit perfectly thanks to 3D printing.

Still, even the most advanced prosthetics have room for improvement. They still don’t give the wearer a ton of feedback about what they’re touching — no temperatures, no textures. That’s why researchers at Johns Hopkins University have created a new electronic dermis (e-dermis). When placed over a prosthetic device, this artificial skin lets an amputee feel pain and other sensations in their missing limb. The researchers published their study Wednesday in the journal Science Robotics.

To create an electronic skin that functions like human skin, the researchers started by looking — where else? — at human skin. They noted that our skin contains a network of receptors that relay a variety of sensations to the brain, letting us know if what we’re touching is sharp or smooth, hot or cold, hard or soft, and so on.

They designed their device to transmit two specific sensations: the curvature of an object and its sharpness. They constructed their e-dermis out of a combination of fabric and rubber, adding in layers of sensors to imitate the receptors in human skin. These receptors could detect the sensations of an object — whether it’s sharp, for example — and then send those sensations to the peripheral nerves in an amputee’s residual limb via wires.

To figure out what kind of information the device should send its wearer, the researchers used a technique called transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) to stimulate the peripheral nerves in the amputee’s residual limb and ask what they felt in their phantom limb.

For example, say a certain level of TENS at one location on the residual limb produced a sensation of pain in the amputee’s phantom thumb. The researchers would know to deliver that level of electronic stimulation to that location when the prosthetic’s thumb touched something comparably painful, such as a sharp object.

They detected brain activity using electroencephalography (EEG) to confirm that the process stimulated the phantom limb.

Image Credit: Johns Hopkins University

Essentially, the researchers taught their e-dermis to electronically encode different sensations just like human skin does. One way that could be beneficial? The e-dermis could make prosthetics feel more life-like while protecting them from damage.

“After many years I felt my hand, as if a hollow shell, got filled with life again,” one volunteer told Luke Osborn, co-author of the study, according to The Atlantic. “I can differentiate between pain and not-pain without thinking, instinctively knowing if my arm is in danger.”

Eventually, the e-dermis could even help us give robots the ability to “feel” sensations in a human-like way, the researchers note in a press release. For now, though, giving humans the ability to feel those sensations once again is probably exciting enough.

The post Electronic Skin Lets Amputees Feel Pain Through Their Prosthetics appeared first on Futurism.

Kategorie: Transhumanismus

PayPal to acquire machine learning-powered fraud detection startup Simility for $120 million

Home AI - 21 Červen, 2018 - 22:47

PayPal has acquired its second startup in as many days, as the payments giant announced today that it was snapping up machine learning-powered …


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Kategorie: Transhumanismus

What can we expect from Milwaukee’s Northwestern Mutual Data Science Institute? See for …

Home AI - 21 Červen, 2018 - 22:37

To better visualize innovations coming from the institute, data scientists from Northwestern Mutual, Marquette and UWM demonstrated how businesses …


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Kategorie: Transhumanismus

Using Neuroscience To Stop Cravings: Study Describes An ‘Off-Switch’ For A Sweet Tooth

Home AI - 21 Červen, 2018 - 22:15

Don't you wish, sometimes, that you could get rid of the urge to binge-eat and indulge in sweet treats? Even if you agree, unfortunately, the brain does …


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Kategorie: Transhumanismus

Data science pivot pays off for DRIVIN, KAR

Home AI - 21 Červen, 2018 - 22:03

The new OPENLANE platform includes a host of upgrades from across KAR's business units, and among those are data science capabilities built by …


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Kategorie: Transhumanismus

Scientists discover how brain signals travel to drive language performance

Home AI - 21 Červen, 2018 - 22:03

"Network neuroscience provides computational methods to uncover structure in brain imaging data. In turn, knowledge about this structure allows us to …


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Kategorie: Transhumanismus

Machine learning: Revolutionizing the logistics sector

Home AI - 21 Červen, 2018 - 21:52

Machine learning, an integral part of artificial intelligence, is revolutionizing the logistics sector, in new and exciting ways, especially in shipping.


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Kategorie: Transhumanismus

Facebook takes fight against fake news to more countries & ups machine learning efforts around …

Home AI - 21 Červen, 2018 - 21:41

The company says it's now beginning to use machine learning to find and demote foreign Pages that spread hoaxes to people in other countries …


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Kategorie: Transhumanismus

Potential alcohol addiction mechanism revealed

Home AI - 21 Červen, 2018 - 21:07

Thomas Kash, a neuroscientist at the University of North Carolina School of Medicine, says the current study is “very compelling.” He adds that “this is …


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Kategorie: Transhumanismus

What Artificial Intelligence Predicts for Stocks

Home AI - 21 Červen, 2018 - 20:22

Yin Luo was working on artificial intelligence and machine learning long before the terms entered the investing lexicon. Today, he uses gleanings from …


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Kategorie: Transhumanismus

Nvidia hands out $3000 Titan V graphics cards for free to AI researchers

Home AI - 21 Červen, 2018 - 20:11

“The number of problems you guys are able to solve as a result of deep learning is truly amazing,” Huang said prior to handing out the awards. “We've …


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Kategorie: Transhumanismus

Leading With Purpose: How to Turn Your Mission Into a Movement

Singularity HUB - 21 Červen, 2018 - 20:03

Jennifer Dulski is an entrepreneur, social impact change agent, and business leader. Dulski is currently the head of Facebook Groups, which helps more than a billion people participate in communities that matter to them, including topics like health, parenting, and mobilization around disaster response.

Dulski has spent a career launching new ventures and leading global teams at Yahoo!, Google, and, mostly recently at Change.org, where she was the COO and president of a global platform that inspires millions of citizens around the world to ignite and support positive change. Dulski’s new book Purposeful: Are You a Manager or a Movement Starter? provides the playbook on how to become a successful catalyst of positive change.

Lisa Kay Solomon: You wrote Purposeful after nearly two decades of leading positive change in education, social impact, and most recently, as head of Groups at Facebook. What inspired you to write this book now?

Jennifer Dulski: I’ve been fortunate in my career to support movement starters from all walks of life and to witness what is possible when everyday people stand up to make the world better. Some are activists, some are entrepreneurs—and all of them are making a difference. In Purposeful I tell their stories and share their lessons, as well as some lessons from my own career, to show how we can all be movement starters for the causes that matter to us. At a time when our world seems increasingly divided, I believe it is important to highlight what can happen when we come together with a common purpose.

LKS: In Purposeful, you describe a new type of leader you call “movement starters.” Can you briefly describe some of the core aspects of a movement starter and some patterns of successful ones?

JD: I draw a distinction between managers and movement starters. Managers do their best with what they are given, and movement starters push to go beyond what is currently possible and mobilize others. I’ve seen that successful movement starters, regardless of cause or industry, are all effective at the same core skills: creating a compelling vision, mobilizing support, effectively persuading decision-makers, navigating criticism, and overcoming obstacles.

In Purposeful, I walk through these steps in detail, highlighting stories and tips from leaders who illustrate each one. We can all learn from a young woman with Down’s Syndrome who helped persuade Congress to pass the largest law benefiting disabled Americans since 1990, an entrepreneur revolutionizing the way we think about personal nutrition, and a high school student who convinced multinational beverage companies to remove a harmful chemical from their products, among many others. My hope is that by offering tangible advice alongside inspiring stories, people will feel empowered to stand up and start their own movements.

LKS: You talk about how important building allies and connections are in the process of fostering movements. What are some strategies for doing that in a time when we seem increasingly divided?

JD: There are two strategies I have seen to be particularly effective at building support for a movement. The first is having the courage to share a personal story. The more vulnerable people are willing to be in sharing why something matters to them, the more others will rally behind them. Sharing your personal story will help make connections with others who may have had a similar experience or feel the same way. And given the technology that’s available to all of us now, it’s easier than ever to spread these stories and mobilize people quickly.

The second strategy I’ve seen work well is to trust those around us. It’s tempting to think we need to do everything ourselves or be afraid to ask for help. Unfortunately, movements don’t exist with just a single, passionate person; they need a team of supporters. By trusting people around us to participate and asking for help when we need it, we can mobilize armies of support.

LKS: In a world that seems dominated by speed, you talk about the importance of pacing. This comes, in part, from your early experiences as a coxswain of a national champion crew team. Can you share more about this?

JD: While it’s possible for movements to prompt change quickly, most movements build over time with determination, patience, and ongoing action. Motivation of teams is as much an art as it is a science, and when you are building a movement with the help of others, it’s crucial to know the fine line between inspiring people and pushing them too hard.

In rowing, there’s a technique called a “Power 10” when rowers in a boat take ten strokes at their absolute maximum power, usually to try to move past another boat in a race. As a high school and collegiate coxswain, I was responsible for deciding when to take a Power 10. I found that a team can usually take 2–3 in any race—more than that and they stop being effective because the team gets too tired; too few, and you may end up behind another team who’s taking its own Power 10.

This same idea is applicable for leaders of movements. When you need to rally people behind your vision and ensure they feel bought in, a few well-placed sprints or “Power 10s” can work miracles. The key is to know the most strategic time to call for a Power 10—such as having a deadline before a big decision or brainstorming to overcome a particular obstacle—and to use them sparingly.

LKS: In nearly every powerful movement or entrepreneurial effort, there are inevitable setbacks and obstacles. What are some effective ways of getting through them?

JD: Whether you’re trying to enact change in your workplace, build a company, or get legislation passed, you are going to face criticism and obstacles. One key to surviving these challenges is to expect them. The more you can get comfortable knowing setbacks will be part of the package, the easier it becomes to navigate them. My daughters had a great math teacher in elementary school who used to tell them that math wasn’t about getting the right answer, it was about “the struggle.” The best mathematicians were the ones who could keep working on the same problem for years, through many failed attempts, without giving up until they finally solved it. And of course, each attempt taught them something new about what would and would not work.

The same is true of movement starters. Whether traditional activists or entrepreneurs, those that can master the struggle are the ones most likely to be successful. How they do that varies. For example, you can try to leverage naysayers to your advantage, or view yourself as a professional athlete. The key is resilience, because as Mary Pickford said, “This thing we call ‘failure’ is not the falling down, but the staying down.”

LKS: You talk about movements creating a sense of hope. What gives you hope these days?

JD: All the stories featured in the book give me hope, as does the renewed wave of activism we are seeing in communities all around us. From teenagers to grandparents, and from veterans to violent crime survivors, people all over the world are rallying others to create change.

While we live in a world that is increasingly divided, hope lives within all of us. It appears in what we do and say, how we treat each other, and what we stand up to fight for. My goal with Purposeful is to give people the belief and the tools they need to turn that hope into movements, whether in their workplaces, their neighborhoods, or the world.

If more people believe they can stand up and start a movement, and muster the courage to do it, imagine how much stronger and more compassionate our world could be.

Image Credit: WHYFRAME / Shutterstock.com

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Kategorie: Transhumanismus

Allen Institute for Brain Science database release nearly doubles mouse brain cell data

Home AI - 21 Červen, 2018 - 20:00

The growth of datasets contained in the Allen Brain Atlas allows researchers at the Allen Institute for Brain Science and in the broader neuroscience …


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Kategorie: Transhumanismus

Scientists discover fundamental rule of brain plasticity

Home AI - 21 Červen, 2018 - 20:00

But if some connections strengthen, neuroscientists have reasoned, neurons must compensate lest they become overwhelmed with input. In a new …


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Kategorie: Transhumanismus

Watch: Campus conversation lays groundwork for a reimagined Moffitt Library

Home AI - 21 Červen, 2018 - 19:48

“A deep learning experience here means crossing all kind of boundaries on campus,” said Sean Burns, the director of the Office of Undergraduate …


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Kategorie: Transhumanismus

Inside Northwestern Mutual, Marquette press conference on newly announced Data Science Institute

Home AI - 21 Červen, 2018 - 19:26

When asked how this will help data science students, Marquette University … “We have one of the first undergraduate data science programs in the …


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Kategorie: Transhumanismus
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