Transhumanismus

UK-based psychiatrist collaborates with city musicians to connect neuroscience and arts

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UK-based psychiatrist collaborates with city musicians to connect neuroscience and arts

How does one connect neuroscience and and adolescence psychiatry to music and creative arts? UK citizen, Dr Ramya Mohan, who is currently in …

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Here's how one of Google's top scientists thinks people should prepare for machine learning

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Here's how one of Google's top scientists thinks people should prepare for machine learning

By now there’s wide consensus on this matter, the question is really just scale — whether the impact of machine learning is minimal or whether it …

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4 Ways Chemistry Is Making Our Food Safer, Better, and More Abundant

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Although food scientists often explore new technologies to reduce the percentage of hungry people in the world today, many also have future-oriented mindsets and look at possibilities that could solve food challenges for future generations.

Recently, there have been fascinating advances in the chemistry sector that could make progress toward that goal.

Paper-based test for food-borne pathogens

Even if you’ve never had food poisoning, you’re probably well aware of how miserable people feel when suffering from it. Some cases can be managed at home, but others are so severe they require hospitalization and may even be fatal.

Until recently, the only way to check food for bacteria that could make people sick was to use complex machinery operated by highly trained personnel. However, according to a study published in Analytical Chemistry, experts have developed a specific type of dipstick test that displays lines on a special variety of paper if food-borne pathogens are present.

When the dipstick comes in contact with E. coli strain O157:H7, Salmonella typhimurium or both of those, it offers an easy-to-read indication that doesn’t require specialized knowledge to understand. Also, a person only has to dip the paper into the substance once to generate results.

Because the bacteria types associated with this test are very common, people in the scientific community are hopeful it could cut down on instances of food poisoning, especially before consumables reach grocery store shelves.

Keeping us safe from contaminated food

The paper test mentioned above is not the only way scientists are depending on principles of chemistry to reduce instances of food poisoning. Some of the other technologies include intelligent packaging that changes color if a pathogen is detected. Eventually, a food container might contain instructions that tell consumers how to determine something is wrong with food — similar to the way jars have buttons on the lid that pop up if they’ve been opened prior to purchase.

Additionally, researchers have made huge strides in our ability to understand unique foods' "fingerprints" — DNA identifiers which scientists can use to determine authentic food products from "fraudulent" look-a-likes. These genetic markers are so accurate, researchers can accurately determine the authenticity of single cacao beans.

Understanding the source of our food is undoubtedly important, but so is storing it properly. If people don’t keep the things they eat at the proper temperatures, bacteria growth can become rampant, even in food that was not contaminated when it was sold.

There have been improvements in refrigeration techniques that could also make our foods safer through temperature-related measures. For example, an improvement in traditional blast freezing pulls chilled air through pallets at a rate of 200 feet per minute, or nearly 15 times faster than previous methods.

An enzyme solution to boost egg production

Besides protecting our food supply, it’s also essential to think seriously about how to ensure there’s enough food to feed future inhabitants of Earth—or wherever the human race ends up. Scientists have taken that necessity into account, too, in equally innovative ways.

In India, DuPont Industrial Biosciences has introduced an enzyme solution for chickens that reduces or eliminates phytate and enhances the release of nutrients. Phytate hinders efficiency of egg-laying hens and causes their eggs to have less nutritional value. Because analysts see India as one of the world’s emerging egg markets, this product could give larger segments of the world more access to eggs.

Bioplastics and better crop yields

Ongoing efforts are also being made to maximize crop yields. Researchers specializing in the fields of agriculture, food engineering and inorganic chemistry have teamed up, hoping to come up with an eco-friendly version of a padding material to provide better produce outcomes that can be used around the world.

Characteristically, that material comes from petroleum. It’s effective for crop growth, plus it helps control weeds, cut down on water evaporation and keep the crops from coming in direct contact with soil. Due to contaminants in the material, though, it can’t be recycled.

A European commission against climate change is funding the scientists’ project, and the initiative is still in the early stages. Last month, the people involved met to discuss things like the risks, opportunities and prospects involved in such an undertaking. If this project goes well, it might produce more food for the planet’s hungry inhabitants without harming the environment since it involves a sustainable product.

Chemistry alone won’t get rid of the world’s food challenges and feed its billions of occupants, but as these examples demonstrate, it’ll play an important role.

Image Credit: Shutterstock

Kategorie: Transhumanismus

Professorship for Data Science

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Professorship for Data Science

Professorship for Data Science. Institution. Beuth Hochschule für Technik Berlin University of Applied Sciences. Position Description. Research in …

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Kategorie: Transhumanismus

Staff Software Engineer

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Staff Software Engineer

Apply now for Staff Software Engineer- Machine Learning job at Sony PlayStation in San Francisco, United States. ––– Recognized as a global leader …

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This Week’s Awesome Stories From Around the Web (Through April 29)

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BRAIN

Facebook Launches "Moon Shot" Effort to Decode Speech Direct From the Brain
Larry Greenemeier | Scientific American
"If all goes according to plan—and that’s a big if—Building 8’s neural prosthetic would strap onto a person’s head, use an optical technique to decode intended speech and then type those thoughts on a computer or smartphone at up to 100 words per minute. This would be an order-of-magnitude faster than today’s state-of-the-art speech decoders."

BIOTECH

Engineering the Perfect Astronaut
Antonio Regalado | MIT Technology Review
"Let’s be clear. No one is trying to grow an astronaut in a bubbling vat somewhere. But some far-out ideas once relegated to science fiction and TED Talks have recently started to take concrete form. Experiments have begun to alter human cells in the lab. Can they be made radiation-proof? Can they be rejiggered to produce their own vitamins and amino acids?"

INNOVATION

Next List 2017: 20 People Who Are Creating the Future
WIRED Staff | WIRED
"Microsoft will build computers even more sleek and beautiful than Apple’s. Robots will 3D print cool shoes that are personalized just for you. (And you’ll get them in just a few short days.) Neural networks will take over medical diagnostics, and Snapchat will try to take over the entire world. The women and men in these pages are the technical, creative, idealistic visionaries who are bringing the future to your doorstep."

AUTOMATION

Amazon’s Plan to Dominate the Shipping Industry—With Almost No Humans Involved—Is Taking Shape
Mike Murphy | Quartz
"Today’s announcement evokes a future where self-driving trucks could haul goods to warehouses in much shorter periods of time... Those goods could then be offloaded by robots that can sort them into buckets for Kiva robots to store them on shelves, and carry them to other robots to pack when an order is placed. Yet more robots could load them onto drones or delivery trucks for fulfillment, meaning that in the future, it could be possible to place an Amazon order and have it show up at your door without a single human touching it."

I just got to pilot an awesome (and huge) robot thanks to Hankook Mirae Technology. Nice! #MARS2017 pic.twitter.com/MvN6ghEYFi

— Jeff Bezos (@JeffBezos) March 20, 2017

ENVIRONMENT

The Very Hungry Plastic-Eating Caterpillar
Ed Yong | The Atlantic
"People produced 311 million tons of plastic in 2014, and that figure is set to double in the next 20 years. Around 40 percent of that consists of polyethylene, in the form of plastic bags, containers, and other products, much of which ends up in landfills. Could the waxworms help to break down that mountain of persistent trash?"

Banner Image Credit: Shutterstock

Kategorie: Transhumanismus

New Human Rights for the Age of Neuroscience?

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New Human Rights for the Age of Neuroscience?

Developments in neuroscience allowing for the measurement or the manipulation of brain activity could, at least in principle, create new dangers to …

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Kategorie: Transhumanismus

Machine–Learning Series, Part 3

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MachineLearning Series, Part 3

Many believe machinelearning can “pick up the pace.” As mentioned in the first entry of this series, machinelearning (or artificial intelligence as it’s …

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ModelDB aims to keep track of machine learning modeling process

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ModelDB aims to keep track of machine learning modeling process

BOSTON – Sam Madden, professor of electrical engineering and computer science at MIT, is hoping to help advance the field of machine learning …

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AI is Becoming More Human Like Every Day

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AI is Becoming More Human Like Every Day

“We replicated a spectrum of known biases, as measured by the Implicit Association Test [IAT], using a widely used, purely statistical machinelearning …

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Kategorie: Transhumanismus

Facebook, Musk's Telepathy Tech Is Decades Away, Experts Say

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Facebook, Musk's Telepathy Tech Is Decades Away, Experts Say

Andrew Pruszynksi, an expert in sensorimotor neuroscience and assistant professor at University of Western Ontario, Canada, said that research into …

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AI Fintech Startups Offer Loans on New Credit

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AI Fintech Startups Offer Loans on New Credit

Well, in the case of Avant, its machinelearning platform reportedly considers 10,000 variables and learns how to predict default rates. That allows the …

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Going through a breakup? The placebo effect might ease your pain

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Going through a breakup? The placebo effect might ease your pain

For their study – recently published in the Journal of Neuroscience – Koban and team set out to investigate the effect of placebos on the emotional pain …

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16 Machine Learning Terms You Should Know

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16 Machine Learning Terms You Should Know

Advanced analytics is heating up. AI, machine learning, deep learning, and neural networks are just some of the terms we hear and should know more …

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Département de neurosciences

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Département de neurosciences

Enseignement intégré aux 3 cycles en neurosciences (sciences fondamentales) et enseignement médical au doctorat et au postdoctorat en …

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Data Science Bootcamp – How To Prepare, What To Expect, What Happens After In San Francisco …

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Data Science Bootcamp – How To Prepare, What To Expect, What Happens After In San Francisco …

Enjoy food & drinks as Metis Sr. Data Scientist Paul Burkard walks you through a sampling of what students learn throughout their 12 weeks of …

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Head of Data Science & Analytics | Strategic role | Innovative Tech Product Co Job in Sydney

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Head of Data Science & Analytics | Strategic role | Innovative Tech Product Co Job in Sydney

You will have proven experience building out the Data Science & Analytics capability across Technology driven businesses.

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Sample Form

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Sample Form

University of Notre Dame · College of Science · University of Notre Dame | Data Science Get More Info. Contact Admissions. Denotes required fields*.

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The future is now:cognitive computing throughout the enterprise today

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The future is now:cognitive computing throughout the enterprise today

There is both supervised and unsupervised machine learning (the former of which requires human intervention and the latter of which learns on its …

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Part II courses Overview · NST Part II Physiology, Development and Neuroscience · NST Part II Joint course in Physiology and Psychology · NST Part II …

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